Attitudes and Antidotes
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Decision Making>Hazardous Attitudes and Antidotes
has identified five hazardous attitudes that can affect a pilot’s
judgment, as well as antidotes for each of these
five attitudes. ADM addresses the following:
1. Anti-authority (“Don’t tell
me!”). This attitude is found in people who do not like
anyone telling them what to do. They may be resentful of having
someone tell them what to do or may regard rules, regulations,
and procedures as silly or unnecessary. However, it is always
your prerogative to question authority if you feel it is in
2. Impulsivity (“Do something quickly!”). This attitude
is found in people who frequently feel the need to do something—
anything—immediately. They do not stop to think about
what they are about to do, they do not select the best alternative,
and they do the first thing that comes to mind.
3. Invulnerability (“It won’t happen to me!”).
Many people feel that accidents happen to others, but never
to them. They know accidents can happen, and they know that
anyone can be affected. They never really feel or believe that
they will be personally involved. Pilots who think this way
are more likely to take chances and increase risk.
4. Macho (“I can do it!”). Pilots who are always
trying to prove that they are better than anyone else are thinking,
“I can do it—I’ll show them.” Pilots
with this type of attitude will try to prove themselves by taking
risks in order to impress others. This pattern is characteristic
in both men and women.
5. Resignation (“What’s the use?”). These
pilots do not see themselves as being able to make a great deal
of difference in what happens to them. When things go well,
the pilot is apt to think it is due to good luck. When things
go badly, the pilot may feel that someone is out to get them,
or attribute it to bad luck. The pilot will leave the action
to others, for better or worse. Sometimes, such pilots will
even go along with unreasonable requests just to be a “nice
Hazardous attitudes, which contribute to poor
pilot judgment, can be effectively counteracted by redirecting
that hazardous attitude so that correct action can be taken.
Recognition of hazardous thoughts is the first step toward neutralizing
them. After recognizing a thought as hazardous, the pilot should
label it as hazardous, then state the corresponding antidote.
Antidotes should be memorized for each of the hazardous attitudes
so they automatically come to mind when needed. Each hazardous
attitude along with its appropriate antidote is shown in figure
Figure 1-8. The five antidotes.